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Understanding PCOD

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a medical disease in which a woman’s ovaries produce immature or partially developed eggs. Over time, these eggs grow into cysts in the ovaries.

PCOD affects the hormones and fertility of women of childbearing age. Hormones like oestrogen and progesterone regulate the female reproductive system. These hormones are in charge of regulating menstrual cycles and increasing fertility

The term “polycystic” means who has several cysts. In PCOD, an increase in male hormones causes the formation of several follicular cysts in the ovary every month. This causes anovulation and prevention of the regular release of eggs.

Common Signs of PCOD Problem

PCOD is a condition that mostly affects the ovaries. The female reproductive system includes the ovaries. Every woman has two ovaries, which produce egg cells or ova. The production of oestrogen and progesterone is controlled by the ovaries. They also produce androgen, which is a male hormone. PCOD can cause this process to be disrupted, resulting in an inappropriate release of male hormones. This results in –

  1. Irregular or unpredictable menstrual period
  2. Heavy bleeding during periods
  3. Excess body hair
  4. Acne
  5. Hair loss or male pattern baldness
  6. Difficulty in getting pregnant
  7. Obesity
  8. Darkening of skin or pigmentation around the neck
  9. Sleep disorders
  10. Depression

What causes PCOD?

PCOD’s specific cause is yet unknown. PCOD is thought to have both genetic and environmental origins, according to doctors. PCOD is frequently linked to –

  1. Unhealthy eating habits
  2. A sedentary way of life
  3. Pollution
  4. Hormone-disrupting drugs
  5. A variety of OTC (over-the-counter) drugs and supplements

PCOD is often passed down through families and is considered to be hereditary.

Researchers have identified a number of physiological factors that could enhance your chances of having PCOD/PCOS —

  1. Excess Insulin Production – Insulin is a hormone that the pancreas produces naturally. It aids in the regulation of the body’s metabolic activities and blood sugar levels. One of the primary factors of PCOS, according to doctors, is a high insulin level. Excess insulin also causes the body to produce more androgen, a male hormone that prevents ovulation.
  2. Inflammation — Low-grade inflammation in the body can be caused by a variety of physiological factors. Autoimmune illnesses, even in their mildest forms, can induce inflammation in the body’s tissues. As a result, the body’s androgen levels rise once more.
  3. High androgen – High levels are linked to increased face and body hair, acne outbreaks, and skin problems, as well as a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

How is PCOD diagnosed?

Diagnosis is critical in determining the cause of PCOD symptoms. Your gynecologist will begin by performing a physical examination and taking a detailed history of your symptoms. The PCOD specialist doctor may then suggest testing like –

  1. Blood test (to check for the hormonal levels, blood sugar, insulin, and cholesterol)
  2. Ultrasound of the pelvis (to look for cysts in the ovaries and measure the lining of the uterus)

What is the impact of PCOD?

PCOD symptoms can have a long-term negative influence on a woman’s physical and mental health. Around 34% of PCOD sufferers are depressed, and about 45% are nervous. This makes it critical to recognize and treat the symptoms early on in order to avoid future PCOD issues.

Many women who are diagnosed with PCOD have a low quality of life as a result of –

  1. Emotional ups and downs
  2. Negative social interactions
  3. Lack of self-confidence
  4. A negative self-perception
  5. Disturbance of eating and sleeping habits
  6. A lack of motivation

PCOD Problem Treatment Options

It’s vital to keep in mind that treating PCOD requires both medication and lifestyle adjustments. Although there is no known treatment for the disease, controlling the symptoms can help to improve quality of life.

  1. Changing your diet can help you manage your symptoms and find solutions to your PCOD issues. Even a 5% reduction in body weight can help greatly reduce discomfort. Sugar and fatty foods should be avoided to reduce the risk of diabetes, high cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease.
  2. As part of the PCOD treatment, women who live sedentary lifestyles must plan and keep to a regular exercise regimen.
  3. Ovulation induction medicine and cyclic hormonal treatment can help regulate the menstrual cycle.
  4. A skin treatment can aid in the reduction of acne and skin discoloration.
  5. Treatment for infertility can help in conception.
  6. Laparoscopic surgery can help eliminate tissue that produces androgen.
  7. Keeping track of your health and hormone levels on a regular basis will help you avoid PCOD issues in the future.